Foundations

Foundation inspections are visual and limited to accessible components. Accessibility from house to house may vary due to type of foundation and other obstacles. The most common problem concerning foundations is water. Inspectors will access foundation components based on their design. For instance, unfinished basements offer
complete access while slab foundations offer very little. Inspectors will attempt to identify the type of materials used in the foundation and look for abnormal cracks, wear, or movement. If warranted, additional structural inspections may be recommended.

  • Basements and crawl spaces normally allow for a complete inspection of the floor framing. Inspectors will look for signs of moisture penetration, dry rot     or other system damage in areas where accessibility permits.
  • Basement and crawl space areas prone to water problems should have a sump pump. Removing water reduces the amount of moisture and likelihood of insects in the home. Proper grading at the outside foundation, the use of sump pumps, and/or gravity drainage helps keep basements and crawl spaces dry.
  • Insulation in basements and crawl spaces may obstruct the inspector’s view. Improperly installed insulation may trap moisture and lead to rot.
  • The concrete floor (slab) inspection is very limited due to lack of accessibility. Inspectors will report the presence of floor coverings (i.e. tile, carpeting), and will note signs of movement or cracks.